Submitted by George Farquhar on Thu, 2011-04-28
Situated in central Edinburgh, Scotland, in the shadow of Edinburgh Castle Princes Street Gardens is a public park.
The gardens were created in the 1820 long after the North lake drainage and the creation of the New Town. The lake was not a large lake in the center of the city. Was heavily polluted from centuries of sewage drainage down the old town. In the 1840 the railroad was built in the valley and the Waverley station opened in its present form in 1854.
The gardens run along the south side of Princes Street and divided by the mound. East Princes Street Gardens run from the Mound to Waverley Bridge, covering 8.5 hectares (34,000 m2). Most West Princes Street Gardens cover 29 hectares (120,000 m2) and extends to the adjacent church of San Juan and St. Cuthbert, near Lothian Road in the west.
The gardens are a meeting place in Edinburgh, and host regular concerts in the Temple of Ross, in particular in the Hogmanay celebrations in the city.
Within the gardens and running along the south side of Princes Street are many statues and monuments. The most prominent is Scott Gothic monument built in 1844 in honor of Sir Walter Scott. Within the Princes Street Gardens are statues of explorer David Livingstone, the editor and essayist Adam Black Professor John Wilson. In Western gardens are statues of poet Allan Ramsay, reformer Thomas Guthrie, obstetric pioneer James Young Simpson and the Scottish American War Memorial, the Fountain of Ross and the stage, and a popular flower clock.
Each year in the weeks before Christmas, the gardens of Princes Street is transformed into ‘Winter Wonderland’. This includes a variety of amusement park games and the Christmas Market, which has food and gifts from around the world.
The most notable attractions are the ice rink and 33 meters (108 feet) tall Ferris wheel, often called “The Eye of Edinburgh. Also during this time, a number of pantomime about shelters and other theaters Christmas / Winter plays. notable theaters include the Theatre Edinburgh and the King’s Theatre.
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