Archaeology of Caithness

Ice Age - about 11,000 years ago.
Caithness would have been an arctic wilderness
Although the ice sheets did not reach Caithness it would have been an Arctic wilderness.

8,300 BC - Post Glacial (Flandrian)
Plants and shrubs are growing

The temperature has started to rise and the weather is warmer and drier. Plants have become established.

7,000 BC

Beware the hunter

There is evidence of people living in Caithness and Sutherland at this time. It is thought that there were about 80 people in Scotland at this time and probably 20 of them were living in this area. The people were wanderers and hunter/gatherers. Things stayed much the same for the next 3000 years. During this period, Scotland became covered in trees.

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